Glossary of Terms

Browse Terms Alphabetically:
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Glossary of Terms
Consent

Written permission from parents, which is required for all evaluations, and for the first IEP to be supplemented.

Continuum of services

The range of services which must be available to the students of a school district so that they may be served in the least restrictive environment. 

Cooperative

Voluntary association of school districts that band together to provide special education services using a shared administrative structure

Criterion referenced tests

Assessment that compares a person's performance to some specific established level (the criterion) or a specific degree of mastery; his or her performance is not compared with that of other people. 

Cued speech

Method of communication used by some persons with hearing impairments. It is used to reduce the ambiguities involved in lip reading. This method is caught in the controversy between teaching deaf children to rely on oral methods of communication or to use sign language. 

Curriculum

The subject matter that is to be learned. A curriculum is usually described in terms of its scope and sequence. One might examine the curriculum of a special school, for example, to determine whether it matches the IEP of a student who had been recommended to go there.

Curriculum-based measurement

An informal assessment approach emphasizing repeated direct measurement of student performance. 

Delay

Development which does not occur within expected time ranges. 

Developmental Delay

A delay in the usual steps of growth and development for children from birth through 18 years old.

Disability

The result of a physical or mental condition that prevents an individual from developing, achieving or functioning within a normal range.

Dispute process

Procedure to resolve disputes between parents and schools. 

Due process hearing

A formal procedure to resolve a dispute between parents and the school system about identification, evaluation or educational placement/program of a child.

Early Intervention

Services or programs designed to identify and treat developmental problems in children from birth through 36 months of age.

Evaluation

Includes use of existing information along with tests and procedures used initially to determine whether a child has a disability and if the child qualifies, the type and extent of special education services needed by the child.

Extended school day

A provision for a special education student to receive instruction for a period longer than the standard school day. This sometimes includes "double" kindergarten, later afternoons, or earlier starting times. 

Extended school year (ESY)

A provision for a special education student to receive instruction during ordinary school "vacation" periods. . ESY is an extension of specific services beyond the 180-day school year provided to children who meet at least one of the criteria as stated in special education law.  

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act(FERPA)

A federal law that regulates the management of student records and disclosure of information from those records. The Act has its own administrative enforcement mechanism. 

Fine motor

Functions which require tiny muscle movements. For example, writing or typing would require fine motor movement. 

Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE)

The right to a free public education which meets the specific educational needs of a child with a disability as guaranteed by IDEA.

Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA)

A systematic collection of data that identifies conditions under which an inappropriate behavior is likely to occur, the motivation for the behavior and what the behavior communicates for a student

Pages